How to successfully Prevent Typhoid

Typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria. Typhoid fever was uncommon in clean households but now, seems to have gripped even them. Here are some tips on how to successfully prevent typhoid.

What is the Salmonella Typhi Bacteria

Typhoid fever is a fever that occurs in the intestines of us humans. It is caused by infection with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi. It is transmitted by the ingestion of water or food contaminated with infected feces (20) and is a public health problem.

Here are some ways to prevent typhoid fever

Wash your hands

Frequent hand-washing in hot, soapy water is the best way to protect yourself from typhoid infection. Wash before eating or preparing food and after using the toilet. Carry an alcohol-based hand sanitiser for times when water isn’t available.

Avoid drinking untreated water.

Contaminated drinking water is a particular problem that may pose more risk of catching a typhoid fever. For that reason, drink boiled and cooled or warm water. Avoid water with ice to prevent typhoid.

Wash raw fruits and vegetables thoroughly

Because raw produce may have been washed in contaminated water, wash them thoroughly in hot water or saline water. Avoid greens such as lettuce and palak.

Choose hot foods

Avoid food that’s stored or served at room temperature. Freshly prepared steaming hot foods are best such as idli. And although there’s no guarantee that meals served at the finest restaurants are safe, it’s best to avoid eating outside.

— Dr. Mahesh Krishnamurthy

Kapha – A sturdy body equation

Kapha binds the body while Vayu propels prana through the body and Pitta transforms matter from one state to another maintaining a healthy immunity. Kapha – a sturdy body equation, provides structure and robustness to all things and gives the cohesiveness needed to maintain a particular form. It is composed out of earth and water components. It exhibits properties of being heavy, slow, cool, smooth, slippery, thick, sticky, stable, gross, and cloudy. It additionally maintains a healthy moisture in all cells, lubricates the joints, saturates the skin, maintains immunity and safeguards tissues. A body that has predominantly Kapha, is physically dense, compact and has a tendency to put on weight easily.

Kapha Dosha Characteristics

  • Large, broad body frame
  • Moderate appetite
  • Deep and sound sleep
  • Pleasant & deep voice
  • Moderate sweating
  • Good Stamina
  • Low Thirst
  • Calm & Polite Nature
  • Tendency to gain weight
  • Smooth & glossy skin

Organs that are predominantly Kapha

Kapha in lungs

Lungs – Lungs are the primary organs that produce kapha in the body. The moisture in the lungs maintains a healthy environment for proper exchange of gases in the body.

Kledaka Kapha in stomach

Stomach – The gastric chamber or the stomach is another organ in the body that has a mucosal membrane that is maintained to properly breakdown foods and prepare it for digestion.

Physical location of Kapha dosha

Kapha is located in 5 parts of the body. They are Avalambaka (in the chest as pleural fluid, pericardial fluid as well as mucous in the lungs), Kledaka (as mucosal secretions in the stomach), Bodhaka (as saliva), Tarpaka (as mucous secretions in the sinuses as well as fluid in ventricles of the brain) and Shleshaka (synovial fluids) in the joints.

What does excess Kapha do to the body?

Excess kapha in the body triggers certain symptoms in the body. Ayurveda texts mention the effects as; sludgy, the nerves produce a bad odour, produces phlegm in the throat. It is foul smelling, is impure. It produces bad odour in the capillaries. Hunger gets destroyed, the quality of saliva changes and reproductive tissue get affected. It produces false hunger constantly.

Parts of the body that get affected

When doshas accumulate in the body, it manifests in the mouth as bad breath, excess and sticky salivation. The breasts in both men and women accumulate toxins forming benign tumours. Feet feel heavy and upper part of the arms enlarge in size.

Tips to keep a right balance

Appropriate Foods, water, activity, rest and sleep are the easiest ways to maintain right balance of the doshas. The balance of food types differs from person to person. You can get to know about your body and its balance from a Nadi Pariksha.

vata dosha

Vata dosha – The Propelling Force

What is Vata Dosha?

Vayu is one of the 5 elements of nature. Vayu is necessary. It causes movement. Its absence causes death. Without Vayu everything will be still. However, the quantity of it that must operate in the body must be harmonious.When Vayu becomes unstable, it causes erratic displacement of matter. Vayu when unstable is called a Vata dosha.

Did you know?

Did you know that the primary cause of ageing is Vayu? When you reduce Vayu, you reverse ageing.

How does it cause displacement in your body?

Vayu can cause displacement very easily. Some of the causes are; too much thinking, speaking too much and loudly, listening more than what is required, talking while eating, excessive eye movement, travelling faster than you can on two legs (car, scooter, air travel), indigestion, fear, anxiety, restlessness, keeping oneself awake at night, disturbing one’s sleep, etc.

The symptoms you may experience include; disturbed sleep, sleeplessness, anxiety, restlessness, restless leg syndrome, unknown fears, muscle twitching, dry skin, feeling cold, frequent urination, osteoporosis, aches and pains, etc.

How to diagnose displacement of Prana and Apana?

Displacement of Prana and Apana can be diagnosed through Nadi Pariksha. There are no other ways to discover the displacement of Prana and Apana and the manifestations from there on although, one can infer from questioning and coming to a conclusion through other processes of diagnosis such as evaluating the processes of digestion, defecation and so on.

You can maintain your overall health when you balance Vata Dosha.

How to Balance Vata Dosha

There are several foods that may increase Vayu symptoms. Below is a generic list;

Practices to reduce Vayu

There are a few practices that can help reduce aggravated symptoms. These include the following;

  1. Have a hot shower before you eat
  2. Dip your feet in bearably hot water for 10 minutes before you go to sleep
  3. Cover your ears
  4. Meditate regularly (most recommended)
  5. Eat hot, freshly cooked (avoid reheating foods)
  6. Avoid eating sweets after meals
  7. Do not eat ice-creams after meals
  8. Avoid eating raw, uncooked and dry foods
  9. Do not drink cold water or fruit juices with meals
  10. Sleep before 10:00pm
  11. Wake up before sunrise

What causes diseases – Ayurveda Wisdom

Ayurveda is a natural science that has matured over the ages. It transcends time. By natural science, we mean that it follows the laws of nature and having understood nature, the seers have exposed how nature maintains itself and how, we too can maintain our body, mind and all other faculties in the highest and best way.

I am exposing parts of Ayurveda that will get you to be more involved in learning about how your body works and what you can do to preserve its optimum health and live in a state of harmonious well-being.

So, here it is. The first question we all have is, what causes almost all of the diseases. There is a difference between what we think we know, what we are told, which we believe, and what the truth really is!

Here is the truth, according to the seers who have written, it this case, it is Vagbhata, who compiled Astanga Hrudaya, the most modern Compendium on Ayurveda. He says;

कामिर्थकर्मणां योगों हीनमिथ्यातिमात्रकः ।

सम्यग्योगश्र्च विज्ञेयो रोगारोग्यैककिरणम्॥ {1-19 Astanga Hrudaya)

The cause of manifestation of almost all diseases of the body and mind are of three types;

  1. Insufficient utilisation
  2. Wrong utilisation
  3. Excessive utilisation

Of time, sense organs and its activities, perception and comprehension and speech.


clear glass with red sand grainer

Time is the most precious gift that exists in our life. It doesn’t repeat itself. When you utilise time appropriately, you are in a state of calm and in harmony. Taking too much time in accomplishing a task can leave you in a state of desperation, urgency, anxious and sleepless. On the contrary, spending too much thinking, not acting upon your thoughts can cause you to lose time which again can cause restless, anxiety, mental fatigue and can become a cause of many different kinds of fears to develop.

Sense Organs

creative shot of human ears on dark background

Our sense organs are the medium for the mind to communicate with the world around us. And the information the senses gather is absorbed in the mind which becomes the inventory we will access to communicate with the world around us. So, it is extremely important to be cautious and aware of what we hear, see, taste, smell and touch.

Therefore, parents have to be the best guides in nurturing their children to use their senses appropriately.

Perception and Comprehension

photo of man smelling white rose

How we perceive the world is how the world manifests for us. This is what our elders have taught us. It is true according to Ayurvedic wisdom. Comprehension or how we grasp intellectually has to do with how we think and process our thinking. Wrong or inappropriate thinking causes incorrect perceptions and miscomprehension of situations or events that occur in life.


group of multiethnic people gathering around female speaker in studio

It is often said; knowing how to speak is not the same as knowing what to speak, when to speak, and how much to speak. One of the wise words from seers is that one must be mitabhashi or speak less. This means, speak only when you must. So, you must use your intelligence to understand when to speak, how much to speak, how to speak and when not to speak.

In Conclusion

In conclusion, one must know how to use the faculties one is bestowed with. Only then, can one aspire for optimum health. Else, one’s health is compromised and with time, diseases and illness are the result.

Dr. Mahesh Krishnamurthy

Happy mind is healthy life

cheerful women smiling while walking after shopping

Your mind is capable of creating miracles. A happy mind is healthy life. Being confined to a physical space and access to electronic gadgets can leave you with a lot of challenges to deal with. Mental health depends on appropriate use of resources. The mind is the plane of awareness where thinking and feeling happens.

What kind of thoughts you want to feed to the mind is your responsibility. Watching disturbing content on television or social media can stress your organs. Your quality of life depletes. Reduce watching content that spreads fear, grief, sorrow and anger. Be creative. Creativity refreshes your brain and new nerve connections are born.

If you are a parent with young children, make them stuff with cardboard cut outs or paper. You can also rekindle your painting skills, dancing, or communicating through self-made e-cards. Find your expression. Live your dream life. A happy mind is healthy life.

Sitting in meditation is my favourite. Wake up early, preferably before sunrise and sit in meditation. You can learn meditations online from live sessions. Meditation is simple and absolutely necessary for all.

Laugh more, be happy, be cheerful and light. That is the lightest way to stay happy and healthy.

Use your body to stay healthy

woman wearing black sports bra and jogger shorts smiling

Physical activity is necessary to optimise the use of Prana. Your body is meant to walk, run, pull, push, sit, stand, bend, twist, stretch and cringe. All this and more is what your body is capable of doing and you must use your body to stay healthy. A well used body is a healthy body. Bodies with less exercise give in to disease and illness pretty soon. When your body is used well and is exposed to various environments, it develops the resilience and resistance to diseases. A healthy body has a healthy flow of oxygen and prana.

Your lungs supply oxygen to your body. Your lungs breathe better when your body demands oxygen. Your muscles become healthier with physical activity, exercise and Yoga. They are the best ways to keep your organs healthy. Walking is a good start to great health. Spending long hours sitting or lying down reduces your body’s demand for oxygen and so, your lungs work less. You put on weight and that causes lethargy in the body. This is the beginning of various diseases.

Start exercising or practicing yoga. Stretching, twists and free hand exercises can be learnt easily and that is a good way to start improving your physical health. A little everyday will amount to a healthy and fit body.

How much water is good for you?

Water is essential for the body. It quenches our thirst. But, how does water help besides the fact that it feels good drinking water!

Did you know that water helps flush toxins out from your blood? Why must we consume water and when and how and how much? This is a science that Ayurveda scientists studied thousands of years ago.

woman in white crew neck t shirt wearing black framed eyeglasses

Our body has a lymphatic system. A lymphatic system is a network of vessels in an arrangement that looks like a fish net. There are lymph nodes which look like tiny nuts. The largest of these nodes are the tonsils in the throat.

The purpose of the lymphatic system is to absorb toxins from the blood typically after digestion. These toxins include improperly digested nutrients, excreted toxins from the cells and viruses that have been attacked and killed by our defence system. They travel through the lymphatic vessels into the spleen, from where, they are excreted out of the system through the kidneys. For all this to happen smoothly, we need to consume water.

Without drinking adequate water, we won’t be able to excrete toxins. We get constipated. Then, these toxins will find their way out of our skin. Our skin may burst out into boils and rashes.

Further, when you consume less water than what your body requires, your muscles tighten, your ligaments go into a spasm and you may also have ligament injuries. Most sports persons who have ligament injuries are dehydrated at the time of their injuries. Other symptoms of a unhealthy lymphatic system include varicose veins and water accumulation in the body.

How much water is good for you?

How much water is good for your body? Different system speak differently. Some say 3 litres, some say 6 litres. There are all kinds of suggestions. Ayurveda has the answer. It’s again so simple that anyone can follow it.

Your water intake must make you urinate 6 times daily. That’s the measure. So, there is no one quantity of water for everyone. Each person has this check within his or her system. Urinate 6 times daily, that’s your measure. If you urinate less, you haven’t flushed toxins out. If you urinate more, then, you are flushing out electrolytes from your system, which can lead your body to develop cramps in your arms and legs.

Some people have urinary incontinence. They urinate very little and very often. Such people must not count the number of times they urinate and come to a conclusion. Also, people who work in air conditioned environments tend to urinate less because, their bodies experience dehydration due to the AC’s. People working in AC environments must consume more water so as to flush out toxins.

I remember this lady who stopped herself from drinking water because she wanted to watch television. Her daughter had called me to address her mother’s swollen feet. The solution was simple; drink adequate water which helped reduce her mother’s swollen feet condition.

Keep your water table healthy.

Eat right and stay healthy

bowl with tasty chips and snacks

Eating right and at the right time is very important. It helps prepare your body maintain it’s immunity. With good immunity your body can withstand any virus or bacteria. Eating right and eating at the right time are two different aspects of your health. You can simply eat right and stay healthy.

Eating right

You must know what you eat. The food you eat must be based on your lifestyle. This means, if you are a farmer or in the police or the army, by all means, eat non-vegetarian food. You will require high levels of protein to sustain the harsh weather and the hard work you put it day in and day out. However, if you are involved in a task such as a IT job, there is no need for such protein intake.

High protein intake without rigorous physical activity can cause protein to covert and accumulate in the body as undigested fats. Hence, eating right is important. Furthermore, it is important to eat the right combination of foods. Certain combinations of foods can cause the body to become sick which some others can heal the body. Knowing which combination works for you is necessary. This is possible with a Nadi Pariksha.

Eating at the right time

Our body awakens with the rising Sun and hybernates a little after sunset. Hunger is an interesting function of the body that helps the body meet its energy demands.

A healthy body feels hungry for breakfast by 8:00am. It is again hungry for lunch by 12:30 – 1:00pm. Your body will feel hungry by 8:00pm latest before it hybernates. If your body does not require energy, it won’t create a demand and you won’t be hungry. You need to exercise enough to be hungry. Several people think, eating three meals is necessary to stay healthy. Most people living in cities can live comfortably on two meals a day.

If you don’t feel hungry by the indicated time, simply drink hot water and let your body digest the nutrients properly.

The principle to eat right and stay healthy

You can follow this simple principle – eat when hungry, drink when thirsty and sleep when sleepy.

What you need to eat is important so as to maintain a healthy lifetime and a healthy life. Food must be lifestyle based. If you are a farmer or in the police or the army, by all means, eat non-vegetarian food. You will require high levels of protein to sustain the harsh weather and work.

On the other side, if you are on a desk job, then, by all means shun all non-veg foods and be vegetarian. You need to digest the foods you eat.

Food must be consumed only when you are hungry. Food consumed when you are not hungry will not convert into nutrition. It will convert in to toxins in the body and weaken your immune system.

A healthy digestion is prime for a healthy immune system to prevail.

Protect your throat from viruses

boy in pink crew neck shirt eating ice cream

Your throat is an important part of your body that need protection. The throat provides actions of swallowing. It also contains the epiglottis which helps us swallow with ease, gulp water as well as breathe. The throat comprises of the tongue, hard palate, soft palate, tonsils, epiglottis, the food pipe and the wind pipe. It is important to protect your throat from viruses.

The first line of defence in the throat is the tongue. It is a lymphatic organ that helps trap viruses from entering the body. This causes tonsils to inflame and your body’s defence system acts on the viruses from processing further in the body.

The easiest way to protect your throat from viruses is by gargling. There are two ways of doing this! Salt water gargle, and iodine solution gargle.

Both salt water and iodine gargle are safe. So, if you must head out to shop or visit your family members, consider gargling before you step out so that you can protect your throat and fight COVID.

To prepare salt water, use 100ml water and add 1/4 teaspoon rock salt or pink salt. Do not use table salt. Adding turmeric and lemon juice helps enhance your gargle solution’s ability to protect your body.

Protect your eyes and nose with Ayurveda

protect your eyes, nose, throat with ayurveda

Your nose is one of the sense organs of your body which directly interacts with the environment. Nostrils are connected with your eyes as well as your throat. As we breathe, we take in millions of bacteria and viruses everyday. Our body’s immune system interacts with these bacteria and viruses and prepares its defence systems to fight and convert them into antibodies. This is how all living organisms exist on this earth. So, here are some tips to protect your eyes, nose and throat with Ayurveda.

Your nose is one of the sense organs of your body which directly interacts with the environment. Nostrils are connected with your eyes as well as your throat. As we breathe, we take in millions of bacteria and viruses everyday. Our body’s immune system interacts with these bacteria and viruses and prepares its defence systems to fight and convert them into antibodies. This is how all living organisms exist on this earth. So, here are some tips to protect your eyes, nose and throat with Ayurveda.

Protecting your nostrils is extremely important. Ayurveda prescribes application of certain medicated oils. These oils can nourish your blood vessels and nerves. Oils such as Ksheerabala 101 Tailam are used in certain physical health conditions such as bells palsy, paralysis, and also in sleep disorders, snoring, insomnia and psychological disorders. These oils are used as nasal drops.

There are other oils such as Anu Tailam which are used on a daily basis to maintain health of nostrils, eyes, ears, mouth and throat.

As a family, we use Anu Tailam every morning. Our nostrils are clear and unclogged. There is hardly any mucous accumulation in the nostrils.

Put 1-2 drops Anu Tailam into your nostrils the moment you wake up. That is all. Getting these drops once a day is enough to protect your eyes, nose and throat with Ayurveda.

Contraindications for using Anu Tailam Ayurvedic Nasal drops

People who have adenoids can contact their doctor before instilling Anu Tailam nasal drops.